The Brazilian Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforest cover, and it comprises the largest and most species diverse tracts of untouched tropical rainforest in the world. Amazonas Florestal is committed to the sustainable and environmentally responsible management of these forests. Amazonas Florestal’s sustainable forest management strategy, with its selective and low-impact method of harvesting timber for the production and commercialization of wood products, addresses deforestation, which is one of the primary causes of global warming. Additionally, Amazonas Florestal’s strategy could help to rehabilitate ecosystems through habitat and water resource preservation. Amazonas Florestal intends to preserve these properties through UN REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation & Forest Degradation) incentive programs, while selectively harvesting their resources through sustainable “Green” government approved forest management projects.
Brazil has a land area of 846 million hectares and an estimated population in 2015 of 202 million people (United Nations Population Division 2015); the country is ranked 75th out of 182 countries in UNDP’s Human Development Index (UNDP 2009). Ninety-three per cent of the country is below 800 m in altitude. The highest peaks, at about 2500 m, are found on the northern border with Venezuela and in the southeast on the Atlantic coast. The vast Amazon Basin contains the world’s largest area of tropical rainforest; the majority of it is Brazilian territory. FAO (2010a) and Government of Brazil (2010) both estimated Brazil’s total forest cover in 2010 at 519 million hectares, including both tropical and non-tropical natural and planted forests; an estimated 354 million hectares of the total was in the Amazon.